ARTIST

TINTORETTO

Jacopo Robusti

 

Jacopo Robusti was born in the district of San Polo in 1518, where his father had a cloth-dyeing workshop – hence the nickname of Tintoretto, little dyer. He was the eldest child in a family of 21.  Since childhood Tintoretto spent time at the dyeing workshop, and when his father noticed his artistic bent, he took him to the studio of Titian.

 

 

his apprenticeship only lasted a couple of days. Rumors claim that Titian was jealous of the undeniable talent of this young boy. Officially, it was said he couldn’t teach Tintoretto anything new as the boy had already developed his own style. 

Tintoretto admired Titian as well as Michelangelo. He tried to combine the best of both in his paintings. To remind him of this challenge, he wrote the following artistic credo on the wall of his studio ‘il disegno di Michelangelo e il colorito di Tiziano’ (the design of Michelangelo, the colouring of Titian).

 

Together with his wife Faustina, Tintoretto raised a very artistic family. His sons, Domenico and Marco, as well as one of his 3 daughters, Marietta, followed in his steps. Marietta, or la Tintoretta, dressed as a boy for a very long time so she could join her father at work. Studios were off-limit for women at that time.

 

Tintoretto knew how to challenge the tradition embodied by Titian. He decided to innovate, not only with daring technical and stylistic solutions, but also with iconographic experiments that marked a turning point in the history of Venetian painting of the 16th century. As a sophisticated colourist, he used the full range of pigments available in the Venice of his time. As an extraordinary storyteller, he explored a variety of different genres, from religious subjects to great history paintings, and from portraiture to profane and mythological themes.

 Tintoretto rarely left Venice and painted obsessively. This led to his nickname ‘Il Furioso’. The result of all this passion is a vast collection of more than 700 paintings in Venice.

Sed 

With more than 50 paintings of Tintoretto, the Scuola Grande di San Rocco is de facto a Tintoretto museum. He spent more than 20 years (from 1564 until circa 1588) at the Scuola to complete this magnificent oeuvre.

 

 This honour might have gone to Paolo Veronese, Andrea Schiavone, Federico Zuccari or Giuseppe Salviati, if Tintoretto wouldn’t have been so bold. When the Scuola Grande asked for proposals to decorate the ‘sala dell’albergo’, Tintoretto sneaked into the building to paint his proposal ‘San Rocco in Gloria’ (The Glory of Saint Roch) on the ceiling. It goes without saying that the other painters found this totally unfair. However, when he offered the painting for free to the confraternity, they gladly accepted it as a gift. It was the first step in their close relationship. He worked most of the time for free or at cost and became a member of the Scuola. After a couple of years, he asked for a yearly fee of 100 ducats in return for 3 new paintings per year. This guaranteed him an income and limited the competition from other artists.

After Tintoretto moved his studio from San Cassiano to the Campo dei Mori, he spent the last 20 years of his life in Cannaregio. Tintoretto is buried here in his parish church, the Chiesa della Madonna dell’Orto, together with his son Domenico and his daughter Marietta. You can see a bust of Tintoretto, made by Napoleone Martinuzzi, near the grave.

 

Tintoretto devoted a lot of time decorating the church with 10 magnificent paintings. Similar as in the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, he worked almost for free as the monks did not have the means to pay him. He first decorated the organ doors with the ‘Presentazione della Vergine al Tempio’ (Presentation of the Virgin). Later, he added the other paintings such as the huge canvases around the altar. ‘L’adorazione del Vitello d’Oro’ (Adoration of the Golden Calf) and ‘Giudizio Universale’ (Last Judgment) are almost 15 metres high and very impressive. The ‘Last Judgment’ is one of his most complex works and shows his intention to combine the skills of Titian and Michelangelo. This style of monumental artistic decoration of a church was new to Venice at that time. His work here influenced other churches around Venice to commission elaborate art.

 

 

Tintoretto opened his own workshop in the district of Cannaregio, on FONDAMENTA DEI MORI. He spent his whole life in this remote neighborhood, keeping away from the high society.

you walk from the church to the house of Tintoretto at the Fondamenta dei Mori, you will notice a lot of sculptures. The moors and the camel refer to the Mastelli brothers who moved to Venice and lived here as textile merchants. The Hercules statue on the facade of Tintoretto’s house was built after he killed a witch who tried to bully his daughter. It is an indirect reference to the name Robusti, which his father received after defending the gates of Padua against the imperial troops.

150 paintings over 23 sites

Title Address Description
Scuola di San Rocco
San Polo, 3052, 30125 Venezia VE, Italy
Maria Dell'Orto
Cannareggio, 3512, 30121 Venezia VE, Italy
Tintoretto House
Fondamenta dei Mori, 3399, 30121 Venezia VE, Italy
Galleria del'Accademia
Campo della Carità, 1050, 30123 Venezia VE, Italy
Doges Palace
P.za San Marco, 1, 30124 Venezia VE, Italy
San Giovanni Elemosinario-1
Ruga Vecchia S. Giovanni, 480, 30100 Venezia VE, Italy
Santa Maria Del Salute-+3
Dorsoduro, 1, 30123 Venezia VE, Italy
San Salvatore-1
S. Marco, 4835, 30124 Venezia VE, Italy
San Lio-1
Campo San Lio, 5661, 30122 Venezia VE, Italy
Santa Maria Mater Domini-1
30100 Venice, Metropolitan City of Venice, Italy
Church of San Trovaso-1
Fondamenta Bonlini, 380, 30123 Venezia VE, Italy
Church of San Cassiano-+3
Calle dei Morti, 30125 Venezia VE, Italy
Church of San Polo
Salizada S. Polo, 2023, 30125 Venezia VE, Italy
San Giorgio Maggiore
San Moise
Campo San Gallo O Canova 1103, Corte delle Ancore, 30124 Venezia VE

Tropical Rainforest Collection

Handmade Planters

Custom Living Walls

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